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Showing posts from August, 2015

"Gettier" Intuition Across Cultures

No doubt many of you will have seen this by now, but for those who have not: Noûs has just published a truly amazing study on this topic by a team of experimental philosophers (Machery, Stich, Rose, Chatterjee, Karasawa, Struchiner, Sirker, Usui & Hashimoto), and I think this new study gives us a much better understanding of the relevant empirical facts. The researchers presented two different Gettier cases to participants in the United States, Brazil, India and Japan, yielding a total sample size of 521 participants.
I post this because it is relevant to earlier conversation on the relevance of experimental philosophy for comparative philosophy and Indian philosophy. In particular, Anand Vaidya writes, reflecting on the relationship between the three, Thus: If the question is: how should classical Indian philosophers modify their practice and research in light of these ideas and new ways of engaging things? I would say: don’t worry. Nothing here changes classical Indian philosoph…

Ethics in classical Indian Philosophy

In light of Stephen Harris' review of Christopher Framarin's book, Hinduism and Environmental Ethics and Elisa Freschi's discussion of Amod Lele's article about Śāntideva's metaphysical and ethical thought, I'd like to pose a question. This question has been posed on the Indian Philosophy Blog in the context of political philosophy but not, as far as I can tell, for ethics. The question is, in two parts: (1) Is there Indian ethical philosophy (normative ethics and/or meta-ethics) and (2) which primary texts would you use to introduce it to students?
As most readers of this blog will know, the first part of the question is answered in the negative by B.K. Matilal (among others). Matilal argues that while Indian texts are concerned with moral issues in a practical sense, "...morality as such was never discussed in these texts." (See his "Moral Dilemmas: Insights from Indian Ethics.") Now, plenty of secondary literature like the aforementioned…